A rattle is a type of percussion instrument which produces a sound when shaken. Rattles are described in the Hornbostel–Sachs system as Shaken Idiophones or Rattles [112.1]. Though there are many different sorts of rattles, some music scores indicate simply a rattle [or the corresponding terms French claquette, hochet; Ger. Rassel, Schnarre; It. nacchere].
In Ancient Egypt, rattles were used during funerary rituals to signify regeneration in the after-life. Rattles were viewed as sacred and became the forerunners of the sistrum. The earliest Egyptian rattles were ovular and made of pottery. During the Predynastic and Old Kingdom periods rattles gained handles and different shapes and were made out of different materials such as basket, wood, and stone.
Indigenous peoples, in North America often use rattles in ceremonial dances. Oftentimes, these rattles are meant to represent something. Each figure or depiction can relate to something sacred to their tribe. Often, the sound of rattles forms a connection to the supernatural world when the rattles are employed by shamans. The use of the raven rattle, like the one pictured to the right, always implies power, which when used in dances, symbolize the status of the chief, who has a hereditary right to use the rattle.
Maracas, widely used in Son, Salsa, Cha-Cha-Cha & Jazz and many other genres through out Central America and the Caribbean.
Chac-chac, as known in Trinidad, Dominica and the French Antilles.
The egg-shaped plastic chicken shake, filled with steel shot and available in varying tones depending on the size and quantity of shot.
Folk instruments especially used in ceremonial dance.
Toy rattles for infants.
Citations: Bibliography: Erich M. von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs, “Classification of Musical Instruments,” Translated from the original German by Anthony Baines and Klaus P. Wachsmann, The Galpin Society Journal XIV , 15-16 ;