Chap

Name: Chap.
Type: Idiophones > Metallophones > Cymbals.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 111.141
Country: Thailand & Cambodia.
Region: South East Asia.

Description: A chap or chhap [in Thai: ฉาบ, in Khmer: ឆាប] are a pair of symbols made from bronze. The chapp consists of two thin, round disks or plates with a bulge in the center. The plates are held against the hands like cymbals, using handles made of string, passing through a hole in the center of each plate. The name comes from the sound the instrument makes when struck directly together, “chapp, chapp.” The “timbre or tone” change when struck at an angle.

Varieties: There are two kinds of chap: chap lek [in Thai: เล็กเล็ก] and chap yai [in Thai: ชายใหญ่]. The diameter of the chap lek is 12 cm to 14 cm. The diameter of the chap yai diameter is 24 cm to 26 cm. The Cambodian names for the two kinds of chapp are chapp thom [large chapp] and chapp toch [small chapp].

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