An idiophone is any musical instrument that creates the sound primarily by the instrument as a whole. Vibrating with out the use of strings or membranes.

The early classification of Victor-Charles Mahillon called this group of instruments autophones. Most percussion instruments that are not drums are idiophones. Hornbostel-Sachs classifies idiophones into four main sub-categories.

The first division is the struck idiophones [sometimes called concussion idiophones]. This includes most of the non-drum percussion instruments familiar in the West.

I’m They include all idiophones made to vibrate by being struck, either directly with a stick or hand like the wood block, singing bowl, steel tongue drum, triangle or marimba or indirectly, by way of a scraping or shaking motion like maracas or the flexatone. Various types of bells fall into both categories.

  1. Directly
    111.1. Concussion
    111.2. Percussion
  2. Indirectly
    112.1. Shaken / rattle
    112.2. Scraped / rasp
  3. Plucked [Mbira]
  4. Frame
    121.1. Clack
    121.2. Jaw-Harps
  5. 122.1 Comb
    122.2. Cut out
  6. Friction
  7. Stick Nail violin
  8. Plaque Musical saw Daxophone
  9. Vessel Glass harmonica
  10. Blown
  11. Stick
  12. Plaque

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