Mi Gyaung

Name: Mi Gyaung.
Type: Chordophones > Zithers > Long > Fretless.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 314.122.4
Tuning: F / C / F
Country: Myanmar [Burma].
Region: South East Asia.

Description: The mi gyaung [in Burmese: မိကျောင်း [mḭ dʑáʊɴ] or kyam [in Mon: ကျာံ, /cam/; pronounced “chyam”]. This musical instrument is a crocodile-shaped fretted, plucked zither with three strings that is used as a traditional instrument in Burma. It is associated with the Mon people. It is similar to the Thai jakhe and the Cambodian krapeu [takhe].

Construction: The instrument’s body is made of wood that is carved out on the underside like a dugout canoe. It has approximately 13 raised wooden frets that are diatonically spaced; rather than equidistantly or chromatically spaced. It has a carved crocodile’s head and tail, as well as four legs. The lowest string is made of brass and the two higher strings are made from nylon.

It is plucked with a short rod-shaped plectrum that tapers to a point, made of horn or hardwood. Unlike the Thai jakhe, the plectrum is not tied onto the right index finger, but instead simply held in the hand. Tremolo technique is often used. The instrument has a buzzing sound because the strings are raised just off the flat bridge by a sliver of bamboo or other thin material such as plastic.

Citations: Bibliography: Terry E. Miller 2008; Thailand. The Garland Handbook of Southeast Asian Music. Routledge. p. 130 ; Websites:

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