Name: Dan Tranh.
Type: Chordophones > Zithers > Heterochords > Tube > Half.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 314.122.4
Specimen: 1 in collection.
Region: Far East Asia.
Acquisition Source: Randy Raine-Reusch, Vancouver.
Description: The đàn tranh [in Vietnamese pronunciation; ɗâːn tʂaɲ 彈箏] or đàn thập lục is a plucked zither of Vietnam, similar to the Chinese guzheng, the Japanese koto, the Korean gayageum and the Mongolia yatga.
It has a long soundbox with the steel strings, movable bridges and tuning pegs positioned on its top. The đàn tranh can be used either as a solo instrument, as part of various instrumental ensembles or to accompany vocal performances.
History: In the late 13th and early 14th centuries, the đàn tranh had 14 strings. Between the late 15th and the 18th centuries, the number of strings of the đàn tranh increased to fifteen and the instrument was called thập ngũ huyền cầm. In the 19th centuries, the đàn tranh with 16 strings appeared and had become the standard version until the late 1970s and early 1980s.