Type: Chordophones > Zithers > Box > Fretless.
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 314.122.4
Country: Republic of Khakassia.
Region: Russian Federation.
Description: The chadyghan is a wooden board zither of the Khakass Turkic people of Russian Siberia, usually with 6 or 7 strings stretched across movable bridges and tuned a fourth or fifth apart. The body is hollowed out from underneath like an upturned trough. It has a convex surface and an end bent towards the ground.
The strings are plucked and the sound is very smooth. The instrument was considered to be sacrosanct and playing it was a rite bound to taboos. The instrument was mainly used at court and in monasteries, since strings symbolized the twelve levels of the palace hierarchy.