Type: Chordophones > Bows > Idiochords > Mono > Percussive.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 311.121.21
Country: Nicaragua, Costa Rica & El Salvador.
Region: Central America.
Description: The quijongo is a type of struck percussive musical bow used by the indigenous peoples of Nicaragua, Costa Rica and El Salvador. The quijongo is a type of musical bow used by the indigenous peoples of Nicaragua and Costa Rica. In some countries, such as El Salvador, it is known as the carimba. It was probably used by the indigenous Chorotega people of Nicoya.
Construction: The quijongo consists of a bow measuring 140 cm in length, made of flexible wood with a string, usually wire stretched between its ends. At a point a third of the way between its ends, a jicara or calabaza gourd is affixed to serve as a resonator. Sound is created by striking the string with a stick, and the tone can be modulated by covering and uncovering the sound hole in the resonator with the fingers, changing the tone by a fourth or sixth. Occasionally, it is amplified by placing the base of the bow on a separate box.
Citations: Bibliography: Native American Stringed Musical Instruments by Daniel Brinton. In The American antiquarian and oriental journal By Stephen Denison Peet Jameson & Morse, 1897 v. 19, pg 19 ; Youtube Demonstration of Quijongo ] ;