Type: Chordophones > Bows > Idiochords > Mono.
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 311.121.222
Country: Niger & Mali, Sahel, West Africa.
Description: The Ahardin is a musical bow played by southern Tuaregs consists of a curved branch held with a twisted rope of raw leather or bark of acacia. Serving as a sound box, a reversed calabash is placed on the curved part of the bow on the ground.
Similarly the ahardant, feminine of ahardin, is also the name of a plucked string instrument, a kind of lute played throughout the region of the Niger River loop, by “court craftsmen” in the Tuaregs and by griots in the Songhai.
Playing Techniques: To hold the whole, the player presses her knee on the container. With the fingers of the left hand, as with the imzad, she defines the melody, while with the thumb and forefinger of the right hand, she grip the string with a regular gesture vibrate. At present, the ahardin, an instrument whose manufacture is easily improvised, is considered above all as a game played by girls.
Citations: Bibliography: Claudot-Hawad, H. 1986. “Ahardin”. Encyclopédie berbère. 3 -Ahaggar – Alī ben Ghaniya. Aix-en-Provence: Edisud. pp. 311–312 ;