Name: Arpeggione.
Type: Chordophones > Lutes > Viols.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.71
Inventors: Johann Georg Stauffer.
Period: 1923 onwards.
Country: Many.
Region: Western Europe.

Description: The arpeggione is a bowed six stringed instrument modelled after the viols. Although it is fretted. It is bowed in a manner similar the viola da gamba. The instrument is sometimes also called a guitar violoncello. The body shape of the arpeggione is, however, more similar to a medieval fiddle or vielle than either the guitar or the bass viol. It is essentially a bass viol with a guitar-type tuning, E–A–d–g–b–e’ . The arpeggione is especially suited to playing runs in thirds, double stops and arpeggios.

The arpeggione enjoyed a brief period a decade after its invention in 1823. It was invite by the Viennese instrument luthiers Johann Georg Stauffer and Peter Teufelsdorfer. The only notable extant piece for the arpeggione is a sonata with piano accompaniment by Franz Schubert; D. 821 not published until 1871, when the instrument was long out of vogue. This sonata is now commonly played on the cello or viola and many other instruments have received transcriptions as well. In the 21st century a revival of interest in the arpeggione has led to the composition of a number of new works either for the instrument alone or within an ensemble. Composers who have written the largest number of works include the American Dov Joshua Rosenschein, France’s Grégory Guéant and René Mogensen from Denmark.

Citations: Bibliography: “arpeggione”. oxford music online. Retrieved 15 September 2016 ; Dov Joshua Rosenschein holds a degree in composition from New York City’s Mannes School of Music and is currently involved in that discipline as a major part of his professional work. Grégory Guéant is a French composer and pianist who graduated from the Université de Lille where he currently holds a professorial position ; Danish-born composer, musician, researcher, producer and educator, René Mogensen; “History of the Guitarviol” ;TogaMan GuitarViols ; “Our Story”. TogaMan GuitarViols. Retrieved November 24, 2017 ; Aquino, F. Avellar de. “Six-Stringed Virtuoso”. The Strad Magazine, Harrow, Middlesex, UK, v. 109, n. 1297, p. 500–507, May 1998. About the arpeggione and Schubert’s Sonata ; Geiringer, Karl. “Schubert’s Arpeggione Sonata and the Super Arpeggion ; “Musical Quarterly”, 65, no. 4 [Oct. 1979], pp. 513–523 ; Sadie, Stanley, ed., The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, vol. 16, 6th. ed., London: Macmillan Press Limited, 1980. s.v. “Schubert, Franz” by Maurice J. E. Brown ; Schuster, Vincenz “Anleitung zur Erlernung des . . . neu erfundenen Guitarre-Violoncells” Vienna: Diabelli ; Tree, Michael, “Schubert’s Arpeggione Sonata” ; The Strad Magazine, vol. 105, February 1994, p. 142. Master-Class on Schubert’s Sonata ;
Websites: Youtube: Franz Schubert D. 821 For Arpeggione and Pianoforte [Part 1] Nicolas Deletaille – Arpeggione ;

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