Type: Bowed Lute > Chordophone.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.71
Country: Dalmatia, Croatia.
Region: Balkans & South Eastern Europe.
Description: The lijerica (Croatian pronunciation: [lîjeritsa]) is a musical instrument from Dalmatia, Croatia and it is played in the Croatian regions of eastern Hercegovina. It is played to accompany the traditional linđo dance from the region. The lijerica’s name comes from the lyra (Greek: λύρα) the bowed instrument of the Byzantine Empire which it probably evolved from.
Origins: The lijerica is closely related to the bowed musical instrument lyra (lūrā) of the Byzantine Empire, an ancestor of most European bowed instruments and equivalent to the rebāb used in the Islamic Empires of that time.
Construction: It is a pear-shaped, three-stringed instrument which is played with a bow. The lijerica has a carved bridge that is installed underneath the playing strings. The instrument as is with its Byzantine Lyra ancestor.
Citations: Margaret J. Kartomi: On Concepts and Classifications of Musical Instruments. Chicago Studies in Ethnomusicology, University of Chicago Press, 1990 “lira.” Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2009. gadje.com [lijerica article]