Type: Chordophones > Waisted > Fretted > Bowed.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.312.7
Inventor: Guru Harbodind Ji [b. 1595 d. 1644].
Region: South Asia.
Description: The Taus [in Punjabi: ਤਾਊਸ Gurmukhi a Persian word meaning “peacock”] is bowed string instrument, invented by Guru Hargobind, the sixth Guru of the Sikhs. From this instrument originates the lighter Dilruba. It has a peacock body and a neck with heavy metal frets. This neck holds on a long wooden rack 28-30 strings and the instrument is played with a bow. This instrument projects a sound with a deeper, fuller tone.
Construction: It has a body in the shape of a peacock (‘Taus’ is a Persian word meaning peacock) and a neck with 20 heavy metal frets. The construction of currently available taus are modelled after the dilruba and esraj. This neck holds on a long wooden rack 28-30 strings and the instrument is played with a bow. This instrument projects a sound with a deeper, fuller tone.
Citations: Bibliography: Dharam Singh 2001 – Perspectives on Sikhism. Publication Bureau, Punjabi University. p. 158. ISBN 978-8-1738-0736-7 ; Dutta Madhumita . Let’s Know Music and Musical Instruments of India. Star Publications. pp. 22–23. ISBN 978-1-9058-6329-7 ;