Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Tuning: F-C-g’g or FF-cc-ggg
Country: Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia & Albania.
Region: Balkans, South Eastern Europe.
Description: The šargija (Cyrillic: Шаргија, Albanian: Sharki) is a plucked, fretted long necked chordophone used in the folk music of various Balkan countries, including Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Albania, and Serbia. The šargija originated in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the rule of Ottoman Empire, and is played by Bosnians, Albanians, Serbs and Croats. Its original four strings have been increased to six or even seven.
The lute is about 70 to 100 mm in length. It has a slender wooden neck and elongated shallow wooden body. When it is played it is plucked with a plectrum made of cherry-bark. The Sargija has from 14 to 21 moveable frets. There are varying “sub-types” of sargija differing in lengths from 30 cm to to 70 cm).
Citations: Stanley Sadie ~ New Grove Dictionary Of Music ; Page 297 Sarinda ; Folk Musical Instruments in Bosnia and Herzegovina by Jasmina Talam [a partial sample of pages in google books] Page 121 ;