Name: Tenor Guitar.
Type: Chordophones > Lutes > Guitar.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.6
Scale Length: 53 cm to 58 cm / 21 inch to 23 inch
Courses: Four Individual Strings.
Region: North America.
Description: The tenor guitar or four-string guitar is a slightly smaller, relative of the steel-string acoustic guitar. The instrument was initially developed in its acoustic form by Gibson Guitar Company and C. F. Martin & Company so that players of the four-string tenor banjo could double on guitar.
History:The earliest origins of the tenor guitar are not clear, it seems unlikely that a true four-stringed “tenor” guitar appeared before the late 1920s. Gibson built the tenor lute TL-4 in 1924. Which had a lute-like pear-shaped body, four strings and tenor banjo neck. It’s possible that similar instruments were made by other manufacturers such as Lyon and Healy and banjo makers such as Bacon. In the same period banjo makers, such as Paramount, built transitional round banjo-like wood-bodied instruments with four strings, tenor banjo necks and called “tenor harps”.
Production instruments of the tenor banjo since 1927 onwards have been largely manufactured by Gibson, Martin other manufacturers include Epiphone, Kay, Gretch, Guild and National have mentioned tenor banjos at various times. In coloration with Cliff Edwards, dobro built four stringed round-bodied resonator tenor scale length called the “Tenortrope” in the 1930s.
Makers such as Gibson even used to offer the tenor models as a custom option for their six string guitar models at no extra charge. Gibson also produced a line of tenor guitars. During the 1950s and 1960s tenor guitars built by makers such as Harmony, Regal and Stella were produced in large quantities.
|Tenor Guitar Tunings|
|Fifths||C G D A|
|C F A D|
|G D A E|
|Chicago||D G B E|
|G C E A|
Construction: Tenor guitars usually made in a waisted body as with their larger sized guitar counterpart. They can be manufactured in acoustic [flat top or arch top] or with a cone resonator [as seen on the dobro guitars]. Tenor guitars normally have a scale length similar to that of the tenor banjo of between 53 cm and 58 cm / 21 inches and 23 inches ;
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