Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The gottan [Japanese: ごったん] also known as the hako [“box”] or ita [“board”]. It is a traditional Japanese three-stringed plucked instrument, often considered either a relative or derivative of the sanshin, itself a relative of the shamisen.
Repertoire: The gottan’s musical repertoire is often light and cheerful, including many folk songs. Like the shamisen, it was used for door-to-door musical busking, known as kadozuke. Often the gottan is compared to the kankara, an Okinawan instrument related to the sanshin. Due to its relative inexpensiveness [made from a used metal can] and ease of construction. The equivalent all-wood Okinawan instrument is the ita sanshin.