Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Description: The cetera having 16 or sometimes 18 strings in paired courses. It is very similar to the cittern in appearance, tuning and sound. Suggesting that they are likely related. The cetera is plucked with a plectrum made of horn or tortoiseshell. The Italian term also occurs in historical sources and usually interpreted to indicate a musical instrument of the cittern family.