Name: Bandola.
Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Country: Venezuela & Colombia.
Region: South America.

Description: The bandola is a pair-shaped lute that is found in Venezuela & Colombia, this instrument is related to the bandurria and mandolin. Several varieties of this instrument exist in various regions through out Venezuela.

Bandola Llanera: Traditionally with only seven frets and four nylon or gut strings. Venezuelan musicians Saúl Vera and Moisés Torrealba have used larger 10 and 14-fret versions, respectively.

Bandola Andina Colombiana: This instrument has six courses of strings in several different arrangements. It may have 12-strings in doubled courses or 14 strings with the first two courses tripled and the rest of the courses are doubled. Or it could have 18 strings in triple courses. The instrument strongly resembles its ancestor, the Spanish bandurria. This instrument resembles the Mexican bandolón.

Bandola oriental: like the bandola llanera but with a deeper body and four double courses with eight strings in all, with both nylon and metal strings. This particular bandola is tuned to the same tuning as shared on the mandolin and violin GG, DD, aa, ee.

Bandola Guayanesa: played in Venezuela’s Guayana Region, with eight metal strings, paired in four courses. The instrument combines techniques of the oriental and llanera bandolas.

Bandola Andina: The bandola Andina also goes by the names, Bandola Aymara or Peruvian Bandola or Bolivian Bandola. These have 4 courses of triple, or sometimes quadruple strings.