Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel & Sachs No#: 321.321.6
Inventor: Pandit Debashish Bhattacharya.
Region: South Asia.
Description: The chatturangui is a modified form slide guitar with a raised nut. This form of guitar has been introduced into India originally by Tau Moe Family. The Chatturangui has 22 to 24 strings in total. The main playing or melody strings are no different in tuning so for example Open D major or DADF#AD is used with this instrument. Unlike the Mohan Veena whose sympathetic strings run underneath the instrument. The Chatturangui’s sympathetic strings run parallel on the front or right side of the the body.
Both the Mohan Veena and Chatturangui are modelled after the Hawaiian slide guitar. It should be pointed out that both Debashish Bhattacharya and Vishwa Mohan Bhatt were students of Pandit Bridj Bushan Kabra who was one of the pioneers of playing of guitar for Hindustani or North Indian classical music .
The chatturangui originally began as a guitar having only two additional sympathetic strings when Debashish Bhattacharya began his studies of Indian Classical Music. This instrument developed into having 11 sympathetic strings, a total of four chikari strings two paired steel strings running parallel on either side of the melody strings. These are plucked with the thumb and middle finger.
Both the thumb and index finger wear the mezrab [pick] as used by sitar players. With the raag or as a counterpart or in contrast to the melody strings. A separate jawara [bridge] provides a flat surface for the sympathetic strings to sound in resonance when the melody strings are plucked.
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