Type: Chordophones > Spike > Fiddles > Huqins > Bowed.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.313.7
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The niubaqin [牛腿琴] or niutuiqin [牛巴腿] is a traditional Chinese bowed string instrument. It is a two-stringed fiddle and is used by the Yi and Dong people of Guizhou. Its current physical appearance is not all that dissimilar to the European rebec. They are not related to one another. It is held as if it were cradled in the left arm for support and bowed with the right hand.
The niutuiqin named for its slender shape resembling a cow’s thigh. The proverb is called “Guiji”. also known as “Niuba Leg”, which is mainly used for sang folk songs and accompaniment. Popular in Guizhou Province, Southeast Guizhou Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture. Among the Yi people the niutuiqin plays an important role. The Dai song and the narrative song are inseparable from the ox leg. The niutuiqin is a musical instrument specially used by unmarried young people for courtship.
When young men and women first love, the young man will climb the wooden staircase in the middle of the night, climb to the attic window where the sweetheart lives, and pull up the calf leg to the girl. Courtship, this piano can not wake up the parents, but also wake up lovers. In this particular occasion, the performance of the calf leg piano has concluded many happy marriages. At the wedding, the ensemble of the ox leg and the pipa can convey a warm and festive atmosphere.
Construction: The niutuiqin is traditionally carved from the leg of an ox, the body is made of a single piece of wood. A peg box, two tuning pegs stretched out on either side. They are inserted into the peg box. The back of the niutuiqin carved from the end of the half of the log. It is dug out of the long scoop-shaped abdominal cavity, and the thin plate is formed on the surface to form a resonance box. The total length is usually between 50 cm and 85 cm.
The preferred wood is Chinese fir with texture and straight knots. It is also made of paulownia, pine, eucalyptus and poplar. The preferred wood is Chinese fir with texture and straight knots. It is also made of paulownia, pine, eucalyptus and poplar. In addition, there is a small version of the niutuiqin the body is only 18 cm ~ 20 cm in length, popular in the Leli area of Qijiang County, Guizhou Province.
The head is in the shape of a square column and the flat top is not decorated; each side of the string groove is provided with a hardwood peg or the right side. The front of the neck is flat and round. The body, neck and head box are then connected. 2/3rds below the panel is provided with a bamboo or wooden bridge-shaped bridge and the lower end is provided. Strings are traditionally from gut.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: qinyixue.com / Niutuiqin [Translated; by Google translate];