Jinghu

Name: Jinghu.
Type: Chordophones > Fiddles > Huqins > Bowed.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.313.7
Bayin: 絲 Silk.
Country: China.
Region: Far East Asia.
Specimens:
Acquisition Source: Rufus Guitars, Kitsilano, Vancouver B.C. Canada.

Description: The jinghu [京胡; pinyin: jīnghú] it is one of the smallest instruments in the huqin family. Primarily played in Beijing Opera.

Construction: The Jing Hu is constructed with two strings, attached to a neck and body with two tuning pegs and a small bridge that is right underneath the strings and front of the body. Two slit holes in ovoid shape are cut into the bottom of the shaft prior to inserting the shaft into the sound chamber.

This instrument bares similar construction to the erhu although the main difference is the size and resulting tuning of the instrument. Unlike its huqin counterparts Erhu, Gaohu, Zhonghu, the usage of steel strings is quite common.

The sound box is quite small it is created by stretching a piece of snake skin as a membrane over the front of the bamboo body. The hair of the non-detachable bow passes in between the two strings.

Citations: Bibliography: Liu, Terence M. 2002. “Instruments: Erhu.” In The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music v. 7. East Asia. ed. Robert C. Provine, Yosihiko Tokumaru, and J. Lawrence Witzleben. New York: Routledge, pp. 175-178 ;  Jones, Stephen. 1995. Folk Music of China: Living Instrumental Traditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press ; Pian, Rulan Chao 2002 “Peking Opera: Jingju.” In The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music v. 7. ed. Robert C. Provine, Yosihiko Tokumaru, and J. Lawrence Witzleben. New York: Routledge, pp.281-287 ; Thrasher, Alan R. 1984. “Jinghu [ching-hu].” NGDMI v.2: 329. 2000. Chinese Musical Instruments. Oxford: Oxford University Press ; Yung, Bell. 2002 “Chinese Opera: An Overview.” In The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music v. 7. East Asia. ed. Robert C. Provine, Yosihiko Tokumaru, and J. Lawrence Witzleben. New York: Routledge, pp. 275-280. Websites: Grinnell College Of Musical Instruments ;

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