Type: Chordophones > Spike > Fiddles.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.313.7
Country: Madhya Pradesh, India.
Region: South Asia.
Description: A three string spike fiddle of Madhya Pradesh [Mandla District] in India. In the central Mandla province, the bana is played by the Pardhan to accompany their repertoire of religious ballads. The Pardhan are the genealogist bards of the Gond, who were once sovereigns of the powerful kingdom of Gondwana.
Construction: It is about 70 cm in length, it is made of a prism shaped sound box of mango wood, covered with. Membrane from a calfs stomach. The strings are made of horse hair. The neck inserted into the body is made from bamboo. The strings are stretched from the bottom of the shaft holding the instrument together, to the tuning pegs at the top. A bridge supports the strings from underneath the strings.
Citations: Bibliography: S. Hivle and V. Elwin; Songs of the Forest: The folk poetry of the Gonds [London, 1935] ; S. Hivale – The Pardhans of the Upper Narbada Valley [London, 1946] ; C. Von Fürer-Haimendorf: The Bards of the Raj Gonds, Eastern Anthropologist, iv [1950-51], Pp. 172, Genevieve Dournon ; Stanley Sadie – New Grove Dictionary of Music, Banam p. 119 ;