Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.312.6
Country: Rajasthan, India.
Region: South Asia.
Description: The ravaj is a four stringed fretless lute played by musicians in the Bhat community in Rajasthan, India. The Ravaj is played by musicians who from two primary casts the Bhat and the Jaga. They play the instrument to accompany ballads and devotional melodies.
Construction: The length of the instrument is about 85 cm. The resonator is covered with a goat-skin serving as a membrane. The resonator and neck are often carved from the same piece of wood. The membrane is applied on after, then the strings and bridge are fitted. There are four single gut playing strings. Sympathetic strings of gut and one metal string are added to the instrument.
Citations: Bibliography: New Grove Dictionary of Music Volume 3 by Stanley Sadie; P to Z, Page 198. K. S. Kothari: Indian Folk Musical Instruments [New Delhi, 1968], 80f; K. Kothari : Folk Musical Instruments of Rajasthan [Borunda, India 1977] ; Géneviéve Dournon ;