Type: Chordophone > Lute > Guitar.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Country: East Timor.
Region: South East Asia.
Description: The bijol or Bidu four stringed guitar that is apart of the Timorese string bands found West Miomafo District, North Central Timor. This instrument usually provides accompaniment for the lead instrument, being a fiddle called a heo in Miomafo as the lead instrument. All the instruments in these ensembles are adapted to the local Indigenous tastes even though they were introduced from Western instruments such as the guitar and violin.
Citations: Bibliography: Palmer Keen, auralarchipelago.org ~ White Bird Flew From Afar: Encounters with Bidu in Timor ; Discography: From the East: Sumbawa, East, Timor Vol. 16 LC9626 – SFW40443 [PDF file] ; Websites: Bidu: String Music from the Foothills of Mt. Mutis, Timor [youtube video] ;