Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Inventor: Samuel Swaim Stewart, 1885.
Country: United States Of America.
Region: North America, USA.
Description: The Banjeaurine, also known as Banjourine or Banjorine was a variant of the banjo, it is most associated with banjo orchestras from the 1890s to the 1930s. The Banjeaurine has a shorter neck, then its five string banjo counterpart. They are tuned a fourth higher in C. Normally there were two of banjeaurines, that are the lead instruments of the banjo orchestra.
A banjo manufacturer named Samuel Swaim Stewart, also called S.S invented the Banjeaurine. From Philadelphia, Stewart advertized the banjeaurine and this instrument. It became a critical part of the banjo orchestras. The banjeaurine was first introduced into the music scene in 1885. The banjeaurine was responsible for the majority of the solos in musical pieces.
Construction: Banjeaurines were most notably constructed by S.S. Stewart, many were constructed by most of the major banjo manufacturers including Washburn, Fairbanks, Fairbanks & Cole, Cole, Vega, Wayman, Schall, Thompson & Odell, Kraske, Lyon and Healy and many others.
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