Bambir

Name: Bambir.
Type: Chordophones > Lyres > Viols > Bowed.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.313.7
Tuning: C / G / D / A
Country: Armenia.
Region: Caucasus.

Description: The bambir [in Armenian: Բամբիռ bambir] is a cello that was invented in the early 1950s and named after the ancient Armenian instrument.

Construction: Similar in appearance to a Western cello to which this design is based off. The instrument is slightly smaller in size. The body is allowed out from a single piece of wood. The sound holes of the bambir are 7 cm in length and 2.5 cm in width. Has several added sound hole about 5 mm in diameter.

A thin animal membrane is stretched underneath the belly gives the bambir its distinctive timbre and a clean tone. The tone is closest to a muted cello although related in sound to the Persian Kamenche. The length o the body is 45 cm and the with varies from 29 cm at the base, 13 cm in the middle and 24 cm at the top.

Citations: Bibliography: Stanley Sadie – New Grove Dictionary of Music, Robert At’Ayan Balum, Page, 118 ;

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