Type: Chordophones > Spike > Fiddles > Huqins > Bowed.
Tuning: A / E or G / D.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.312.7
Bayin: 絲 Silk.
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The zhonghu [in Chinese: 中胡, pinyin: zhōnghú] is a low-pitched Chinese bowed string instrument. Together with the erhu and gaohu, it is a member of the huqin family. It was developed in the 1940s as the alto member of the huqin family; similar in range to the European viola.
This was to increase the pitch range of the instruments used in a Chinese orchestra. The zhonghu is analogous with the erhu, but is slightly larger and lower pitched. Its body is covered on the playing end with snakeskin.
Tuning: The instrument has two strings, which are generally tuned to the interval of a fifth, to A and E or to G and D [this latter tuning equivalent to the violin’s lowest two strings].
Citations: Bibliography: Tsui Yingfang [archived from 14 May 2014]. The Concise Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 2. Routledge. p. 1119. ISBN 9781136095948 ;