Type: Chordophones > Fiddles > Huqins > Bowed.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.312.7
Bayin: 絲 Silk.
Country: Guangdong, China.
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: [in Chinese: 提胡 ; in Pinyin: tíhú] it is a two stringed vertical bowed instrument and as such it is a member of the huqin family a subgroup of the spike fiddles category. The tihu is played in Chaozhou xianshi music of the Chaozhou people. It is an adaptation of the gaohu used in Cantonese music.
It is used in the Chaozhou people’s original homeland of Chaozhou and Shantou, in eastern Guangdong, as well as in regions where Chaozhou people have immigrated, such as Thailand and Singapore.
Playing Techniques: The tihu is generally held with the resonator between the knees. It is considered a supporting instrument in the Chaozhou xianshi ensemble. It is tuned lower and plays in a slower, more lyrical fashion than does the leading fiddle, called erxian.
Construction: It has a tubular hardwood body that is covered on the playing end with python skin.