Type: Chordophones > Composite > Lutes > Guitarillos.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Tuning: A / D / G / C / E / A
Region: Central America.
Description: The term requinto is used in both Spanish and Portuguese to mean a smaller, higher-pitched version of another instrument. Thus, there are requinto guitars, drums, and several wind instruments.
The requinto as played in Mexico is a small sized guitar having six nylon strings with a scale length of 530 to 540 mm [20.9 to 21.3 in]. Which is about 18% smaller than a standard guitar scale. It was made popular throughout the 40’s by Mexican guitarist/vocalist Alfredo Gil of romantic music trio “Los Panchos.” Requinto guitars are also used throughout Latin America.
Tunings: Requintos are tuned: A2 / D3 / G3 / C4 / E4 / A4 one fourth higher than the standard classical guitar.
Construction: Requintos that are made in Mexico have a deeper body than a standard classical guitar 110 mm [4.3 inches] as opposed to 105 mm [inches]. Requintos made in Spain tend to be of the same depth as the standard classical.