Type: Chordophones > Bows > Heterochord.
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 311.121.222
Region: Central America.
Description: The chapareque, chapareke or chapahuela is a chordophone musical bow. It is played among the Indigenous Rarámuri or Tarahumara peoples. The chapareque is traditionally performed ceremonies is that of the “yumari” in which they thank the “sun father” and the “mother moon” for the rains of the storm. They dance to the rhythm of the drum as if imitating the movements of the deer, and on the ground they draw with their feet “the sun, the moon and the stars”.
Construction: It is made of quiote shaft, no more than a half a metre in length. Having one, two or three strings. The strings are taut and attached into place by bridge and pins. The bow lacks a resonator box.
Playing Techniques: To play it, the performer plucks the strings using his mouth as a sounding board. While lacking a resonator box the sound created by the performers mouth when playing the instrument. Played with the pointer and index fingers of the left hand pluck the instrument and it is horizontally supported by the musician holding it in his mouth.
Citations: Bibliography: Cultural Atlas of Mexico Music – Mexico: Grupo Editorial Planeta. 1988. ISBN 968-406-121-8 ; Notes by maestro Esteban Alba Mireles based on research by Rubén Tinajero of the Faculty of Arts of the UACH. For the presentation of the album “Fusion Tarahumara” by Arturo Ochoa Salas, in coordination with the musical duet Rarámuri “Makawi A´Li Sewa”, composed of Martín Chávez Ramírez and Florinda Palma with support from the Municipal and Community Cultures Support Program [PACMYC] Websites: Youtube: Antonio Camilo Teaser del documental “Chapareke – La llave de la casa de dios” [youtube video] translation: “The key of the house of God” ;