Algoza

Name: Algoza.
Type: Duct / Fipple Flute > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.221.12
Country: Punjab, Rajasthan, Baluchistan & India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The algoza or Paduthambi [in Sindhi: الغوزو ; in Punjabi: الغوزہ ; Shahmukhi, ਅਲਗ਼ੋਜ਼ਾ Gurmukhi or in Gujarati, Kutchi: જોડિયા પાવા Jodiya Pav] is a pair of duct flutes adopted by Punjabi, Sindhi, Kutchi, Rajasthani and Baloch folk musicians. It is also called Mattiyan ,Jōrhi, Pāwā Jōrhī, Do Nālī, Donāl, Girāw, Satārā or Nagōze. The instrument consists of two joined flutes that are either tied together or the algoza can held together loosely with the hands.

Playing Techniques: Primarily circular breathing is used so that a continuous uninterrupted flow of air during performance. The quick recapturing of breath on each beat creates a bouncing, swinging rhythm. The wooden instrument initially comprised two flute pipes of the same length but over time, one of them was shortened for sound purposes. In the world of Alghoza playing, the two flute pipes are a couple — the longer one is the male and the shorter one the female instrument. With the use of beeswax, the instrument can be scaled to any tune.

Citations: “Alghoza”. Asian Music Circuit. Retrieved 7 December 2015. Pande, p. 70 Usman, Maryam. “Instrumental Ecstasy concert: A retreat into the rhythms of Sindhi classical tunes ; Cultural heritage and the French connection. Dawn ; “ਰਵਾਇਤੀ ਗਾਇਕੀ ਨੂੰ ਸੰਭਾਲਣ ਦੀ ਲੋੜ” [The Need to handle Traditional Singing [Punjabi Tribune 2010 Article].

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