Name: Trembita.
Type: Alpine Horn > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 423.121-12
Country: Ukraine.
Region: Eastern Europe.

Description: The trembita, whose name originates from the old germanic “trumba”, “to trumpet”. It is a alpine horn that is made of wood. It is common among Ukrainian highlanders Hutsuls who used to live in western Ukraine, eastern Poland, Slovakia and northern Romania. In southern Poland its called trombita, bazuna in the North and ligawka in central Poland.

Used primarily by mountain dwellers known as Hutsuls and Gorals in the Carpathian Mountains, it was used as a signalling device to announce deaths, funerals, weddings. It is also used by shepherds for signalling and communication in the forested mountains and for guiding sheep and dogs.

Construction: The tube is made from a long straight piece of pine or spruce, preferably one that has been struck by lightning. The branch is then split in two pieces, in order to carve out the core. The halves are once again joined together and then wrapped in birch bark or osier rings.

Citations: Humeniuk, A Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty [musical instruments of the Ukrainian People] Kiev, Naukova Dumka 1967 ; Mizynec, Victor ; Folk instruments of Ukraine. Doncaster 1987 Bayda Books. ISBN 0-908480-19-9, OCLC 19355447 ; Cherkasky, Leonid Musiiovych 2003 ; Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty [Ukrainian Peoples, Musical Instruments], Kiev, Tekhnika. ISBN 966-575-111-5, OCLC 56112444.