Type: Single Reed > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.211.2
Country: Russian Federation.
Region: Eastern Europe.
Description: The zhaleika [in Russian; Жалейка] other names are as брёлка or bryolka, Zhalomeika, sopel’, pishchelka, fletnya, duda. It is a single reed instrument belonging to the same family as the crumhorn. There is a single and double pipe variety of zhaleika. Although the double pipe zhaleika is mainly found.
Construction: The zhaleika consists of a single reed that can be covered by a mouthpiece [or “wind cap”]. Consisting of a wooden barrel with finger holes and a flared bell that can be made of either natural, wood and cow horn for the single pipe. Wood is lathed and finger holes are drilled into the pipe. The cane or goose feather is used for carving the reed. Plastics and other man-made materials are also use to construct the instrument. The single pipe zhaleika is about 10–20 cm long with a reed made out of either cane or goose feather with an end bell; it is made of cow horn or birch bark with 3–7 finger holes.