Type: Aerophones > Shawms > Reeds.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Sindh, Pakistan.
Region: South Asia.
Description: A small oboe of Sindh, Pakistan. The body of the instrument of very old “kiraar” wood. The Sharnai belongs to the Northern Sindh and Multan [lower Punjab areas]. There are two other sizes are found in the region; the ghazi about 15 cm in length it is used for mourning tunes [osara] during the shiite lamentation of Muharram; the mutta is 25 cm in length. The sharnai often accompanies the dhul a double barrel drum.
Construction: The sharnai has eight finger holes and a thumb hole and a canonical bell. The mouth piece consists of a double reed of kangor cane tied with thread to a brass staple which carries a round lip disc of shell and it is inserted into the pipe.
Citations: Bibliography: N. A. Baloch, Musical Instruments Of The Lower Indus Valley of Sindh, Hyderabad India, 1966 Alastair Dick, Stanley Sadie ~ New Grove Dictionary of Music, Vol 3, Book P to Z, Page 364 ;