Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Single.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.211.2
Country: Russian Federation.
Region: Eastern Europe.
Description: The zhaleika [in Russian; Жалейка] other names are as брёлка or bryolka, Zhalomeika, sopel’, pishchelka, fletnya, duda. It is a single reed instrument belonging to the same family as the crumhorn. There is a single and double pipe variety of zhaleika. Although the double pipe zhaleika is mainly found.
Construction: The zhaleika consists of a single reed that can be covered by a mouthpiece [or “wind cap”]. Consisting of a wooden barrel with finger holes and a flared bell that can be made of either natural [wood, horn, cane or goose feather] or man-made materials. The single pipe zhaleika is about 10 cm to 20 cm long with a reed made out of either cane or goose feather with an end bell; it is made of cow horn or birch bark with 3 to 7 finger holes.