Name: Rhaita.
Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Shawms.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Morocco.
Region: North Africa.

Description: The rhaita or ghaita [in Arabic: غيطة rhaita‎] is a double reed instrument from North Africa. It is nearly identical in construction to the Arabic mizmar and the Turkish zurna. The distinctive name owes to a medieval Gothic-Iberian influence. In southern Iberia, various sorts of wind instruments, including the related shawm, are known as rhaita, but in northern Iberia gaita refers only to bagpipes.

Citations: Bibliography: Dictionnaire des musiques et danses traditionnelles de la Mediterranée, Paris, Fayard, 2005 articles on gaita and ghayta ; Pierre Bec, Les instruments de musique d’origine arabe, sens et histoire de leurs désignations, Toulouse, Isatis, Conservatoire Occitan 2005 ;

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