Name: Catalan Shawm.
Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Shawms.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Catalonia, Spain.
Region: Iberian Peninsula & Western Europe.
Description: the Catalan shawm is one of two varieties of shawm, an oboe-like woodwind musical instrument played in Catalonia in northeastern Spain.
Varieties: The types of shawm commonly used in Catalonia are the tible pronounced [in IPA: ˈtibːɫə], Catalan for “treble” and the tenora pronounced [təˈnoɾə], Catalan for “tenor”. The tenora is pitched a fifth lower than the tible. These shawms are usually used with other instruments to accompany the traditional Catalan circle dance, the Sardana.
Other Catalan folk shawms are the tarota [pronounced [təˈɾɔtə] the original keyless version of the tible, and the gralla (pronounced [ˈɡɾaʎə], a short, strident instrument with a steep conical bore. Both of these resemble shawms from other parts of Spain, such as the dolçaina of Aragon and Valencia, and both employ open fingering.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: coblabaixllobregat.com / La Tenora [page]