Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Bagpipes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Region: Mediterranean & Southern Europe.
Description: The zampogna UK: /zæmˈpɒnjə/, US: /zæmˈpoʊnjə, (t)sɑːmˈ-/, Italian: [pronunciation: tsamˈpoɲɲa, dzamˈ-] is a generic term for a number of Italian pipes having double-chanters that can be found as far north as the southern part of the Marche, throughout areas in Abruzzo, Latium, Molise, Basilicata, Campania, Calabria and Sicily. a] Zampogna with blowpipe, two chanters and two drones, Italian [Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford]; b] zampogna player: detail from ‘The Shepherds’, fresco from the cycle ‘Life and Glory of the Virgin’ by Ludovico Seitz, 1892–1902, Cappella Tedesca, S. Casa, Loreto.
The tradition is now mostly associated with Christmas, and the most famous Italian carol, “Tu scendi dalle stelle” [You Come Down From the Stars] is derived from traditional zampogna music. However, there is an ongoing resurgence of the instrument in secular use seen with the increasing number of folk music festivals and folk music ensembles.
Etymology: The word zampogna is etymologically related to the Greek symphōnia [συμφωνία], meaning “concord or unison of sound” [from σῠν- syn-, “with, together” + φωνή phōnḗ, “sound”] and applied later to a type of bagpipe. It cognates to tsampouna, the word for the Greek island bagpipe [itself a re-borrowing of zampogna), Romanian cimpoi, which means “symphony” or “many sounds played together” and the Georgian čiboni.
Citations: Bibliography: Mansell / Time Pix / Katz ~ New Grove Dictionary ; Websites: Zampogna / Grove Dictionary Of Music Online ;