Name: Volynka.
Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Bagpipes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Russian Federation.
Region: Eastern Europe & Eurasia.

Description: The volynka [in Ukrainian: волинка, Russian: волынка, Crimean Tatar: tulup zurna] is a bagpipe. Its etymology comes from the region Volyn, Ukraine, where it was borrowed from Romania.

Construction: The volynka is constructed around a goat skin air reservoir into which air is blown through a pipe with a valve to stop air escaping. Modern concert instruments often have a reservoir made from a bladder. A number of playing pipes [two to four] extend from the reservoir holding the air. The main playing pipe on which the melody is played has five to seven, sometimes eight finger holes.

The other pipes produce a drone. This is usually either a single tonic note or a perfect fifth. Each of these playing pipes has a double reed usually made from a goose quill. In the 20th century this instrument has lost the popularity it had previously, and is rarely used today in an authentic context.

Citations: Bibliography: [in Ukrainian] Гуменюк, А. Українські народні музичні інструменти – Київ: Наукова думка, 1967; Мізинець, В. Українські народні інструменти – Мельбурн: Bayda Books 1984; Черкаський, Л. Українські народні музичні інструменти // Техніка, Київ, Україна 2003 – 262 с. ISBN 966-575-111-5 ; [in English] Humeniuk, A. Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty – Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1967 ; Mizynec, V. Ukrainian Folk Instruments – Melbourne: Bayda books 1984 ; Cherkasky, L. Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty // Tekhnika, Kiev, Ukraine 2003 – 262 pages. ISBN 966-575-111-5 ;

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