Name: Tsambouna.
Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Bagpipes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Greece.
Region: Mediterranean & South East Europe.

Description: The tsambouna [in Greek: τσαμπούνα] is a Greek folk instrument of the bagpipe family. It is a bagpipe that features a double chanter although with no drone. When it is played the tsambouna is inflated by blowing by mouth into a goatskin bag. The instrument is widespread in the Greek islands.

Etymology: The word is a borrowing of the Italian word zampogna, the word for the Italian bagpipes who also share the same double chanter feature in design. Tsambouna is etymologically related to the Greek sumfōnia [in Greek: συμφωνα, meaning “concord or unison of sound] from σῠν- sun-, “with, together” + φωνή phōnḗ, “sound” and applied later to a type of bagpipe.


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