Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Bagpipes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Mari-El, Russian Federation.
Region: Eastern Europe & Eurasia.
Description: The shyuvr or shuvyr [chiabour in French sources, Russian: Шувыр] is a type of bagpipe of the Mari people, a Volga-Finnic people living in the Mari El Republic of central-western Russia. It is described as small bagpipe, consisting of a bag, a bone blowpipe, and two tubes of tin joined by a wooden sheath. The pipe is almost always played with the tumyr, a Mari drum.
In Artwork: An 1892 French work noted that the Mari had developed three instruments: a gusli – zither, bagpipe, and drum. A later English work makes a similar statement, saying that the Mari have two instruments unique to their culture: the gusle, zither and the shyuvr bagpipe.