Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Bagpipes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Description: The parkapzuk [in Armenian: Պարկապզուկ parkapzuk] is a drone-less, horn-belled bagpipe played in Armenia. This pipe features double chanters, each having five or six finger-holes, although the chanters are tuned slightly apart from each other. This gives a “beat to the sound waves as each pipe is tuned to produce a “beat” the the parkapzuk is played. This property of the tuning gives the instrument a penetrating tone.
Researchers in 1996 and 1997 noted they recorded one of the last active pipers of that time. Some sources indicate that the parkapzuk has only a single chanter, while others indicate it is double-chartered like the tulum.
Construction: The parkapzuk is made of three week old, sheep or lamb skin. Which has been gutted and hardened. The size of the ‘bag’, depends on the player’s comfortable size. The pipes are made of wood. Wood was the original material, preferably wood from an apricot tree, but today some of the pipes have been made of plastic, as it is cheaper and less difficult to make.
Citations: Bibliography: Robert At‘ayan ~ New Grove Dictionary Of Music : Malou Haine; Hubert Boone; Isabelle Deleuse; Géry Dumoulin; Wim Bosmans; Karel Moens; Anja Van Lerberghe; Ferdinand J De Hen; Pascale Vandervellen; Musée Instrumental [18 September 2001]. Musée des Instruments de Musique: Cornemuses européennes. Editions Mardaga. pp. 8–. ISBN 978-2-87009-786-1 Websites: Oxford Dictionary Online / Parkapzuk article ;