Name: Sac De Gemecs.
Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Bagpipes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Catalan, Spain.
Region: Iberian Peninsula & Western Europe.
Description: The Sac de Gemecs [in Catalan: Pronunciation in IPA: ˈsaɡ də ʒəˈmeks – literally “bag of moans”]. In Andorra the sac de gemecs is known as a buna [‘buna] or coixinera [kuʃiˈneɾə], gaita [ˈɡajtə] or botella [buˈteʎə] is a type of bagpipe found in Catalonia, eastern Spain and in Southern France.
Legend: The instrument is mentioned in the Andorran legend “El Buner d’Ordino” in which a bagpiper from the parish of Ordino, en route to a festival in Canillo, is chased and treed by wolves, but frightens them off by playing his buna.
Construction: The instrument consists of a chanter, a blowpipe, and three drones. The lowest drone [bordó llarg] plays a note two octaves below the tonic of the chanter. The middle drone [bordó mitjà] plays a fifth above the bass. The high drone [bordó petit] plays an octave below the chanter, thus one octave above the bass drone.
Citations: Bibliography: Àlvar Valls Oliva – Roser Carol Romàn; Àlvar Valls i Oliva; Roser Carol i Romàn [15 November 2010] ; Llegendes d’Andorra. L’Abadia de Montserrat. pp. 95–. ISBN 978-84-9883-340-9 ;