Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Bagpipes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Region: Central Europe.
Description: The Gadjy is a Slovakian bagpipe whose 14th-century illustrations depict two types. Widespread in other areas of Slovakia is a bagpipe with a shorter chanter 21.3 cm. with two pipes – one melodic, with five finger-holes and a thumbhole and the other a small drone bored in one piece of wood.
In the south of Slovakia, a chanter is known with six finger holes, the uppermost opposite of the thumbhole, permitting semitones. Central Slovakia had a bagpipe with three pipes. One melodic and two drones, all bored in the same piece of wood.
The bags, often quite large, are normally of goat or deerskin and all reeds are single [clarinet type]. Chanters and drones are extensively decorated with long and short rings, usually of brass, covering much of the wood, and their stocks are normally surmounted with a carved goat’s or dragon’s head
In the Orava region an old type of gajdy is still used. This type of gajde has a chanter 35 cm to 40 cm in length. A drone 75 cm to 85 cm in length, and a short wooden mouthpipe. The chanter has six finger holes and a thumbhole. Both chanter and drone end with an up-curved horn bell. The gajdy is often covered with brass sheet and sometimes wholly of brass.
Citations: Bibliography: Ivan Mačak ~ New Grove Dictionary Of Music ; Websites: Grove Music Oxford Music Online / Gadje ;