Type: Double Reed > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Breton, France.
Region: Western Europe.
Description: The bombard [in Breton: talabard or ar vombard, in French: bombarde] is a contemporary conical-bore double-reed instrument widely used to play traditional Breton music. The bombard is a woodwind instrument, and a member of the shawm family. Like most shawms, it has a broad and very powerful sound, vaguely resembling a trumpet. It is played as other shawms are played, with the double reed placed between the lips. The second octave is ‘over-blown’; achieved via increased lip and air pressure or through the use of an octave key. It plays a diatonic scale of up to two octaves, although contemporary instruments frequently have added key-work permitting some degree of chromaticism. A bombard player is known as a talabarder after ‘talabard’, the older Breton name for the bombard.