Name: Duda.
Type: Bagpipes > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Hungary.
Region: Eastern Europe.

Description: The Hungarian duda [also known as tömlősíp and bőrduda] is the traditional bagpipe of Hungary. It is an example of a group of bagpipes called Medio-Carpathian bagpipes. The accounts of origins concerning the duda are conflicting regarding the exact form of the Hungarian bagpipe.

Cocks describes it as similar to the Bulgarian one which has a chanter and a bass drone but no tenor drone. Baines [pp. 77-79] gives Hungary as one of the countries possessing the duda, which has this construction, also a Hungarian bagpipe with a diple [i.e., twin-bore] chanter, one bore of which gives a variable drone, the bag pipe having a bass drone in addition.

Robert Bright in Travels through Lower Hungary 1818 quoted by Flood [p. 79] describes the Hungarian bagpipe as having two drones and a chanter of square section [in other worlds the Dudelsack]. Fraser [p. 243] has a picture of a Hungarian bagpipe with one chanter and one drone of medium length, probably a bass drone. It seems possible that all these forms of the instrument may be in use.