Type: Aerophones > Duct > Flutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.221.12
Region: Eastern Europe.
Description: The dentsivka [in Ukrainian: Денцівка dentsivka] pronounced as “Denchivka”. It is thus classified as a duct flute. The dentsivka is often commonly called a sopilka, however, the dentsivka has a fipple, like the western European recorder.
Some dentsivkas [from Western Ukraine] have only five tone holes. In recent times chromatic ten-hole fingering was developed for this instrument that has carried on to most of the other instruments in the sopilka family.
Construction: Usually it is made from a tube of wood approximately 30 to 40 cm [12 to 16 in] length. Tone holes are cut or burnt into the tube and a fipple made at one end. If the fipple is in the top of the instrument on the same plane as the playing holes, instead of the underside, the instrument is a kosa dudka [in Ukrainian: Коса дудка], though they may fail to be distinguished.
The internal diameter is usually 12 mm to 14 mm [0.4 to 0.5 in] with the walls of the tube being 2 mm to 3 mm [0.08 in to 0.12 in] thick. In the traditional instruments the tuning varied with the length of the tube, but was usually diatonic, with a range of two and a half octaves.