Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Duct.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.211.12
Region: Baltic States & North East Europe.
Description: The oldest example dates back from 1000 BC. It was made of bird bone, its length is 75 mm and diameter is 6 mm to 7 mm. Having only one sound hole such whistles were used recently as hunting decoys, signalling instruments and toys. They can also be made from bark, wood or clay.
The clay whistles are made in the images of birds, horses or demons. They usually have three finger holes, although a svilpe with only a single finger hole is rare. In Latgale, eastern Latvia, where clay whistles are most widespread, they are known as “Svilpaunieks”.
Citations: Bibliography: Arvidas Karaśka, Stanley Sadie ~ New Grove Dictionary Of Musical Instruments, Vol, 3 Book P to Z, Page 480 ; ISBN 0-333-37878-4 British Library of Cataloguing ; 0-9433818-05-2 Library Of Congress Cataloguing ;