Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Duct.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.211.12
Region: Baltic States & North East Europe.
Description: The Svilpa is a flute with out finger-holes from Lithuania. It is found mostly in the north-eastern regions [Alukštaitija]. In spring it is made from one or more pieces of osier or aspen bark. Instruments made from tin have been known since the earliest 20th century.
The svilpa can be encountered in the countryside until the 20th century to perform songs, dance melodies and improvisation. Nowadays it is used in folk music groups. Similar instruments are the Polish Fujuarka and Romanian Tilincă.
Construction: The svilpa is long and has a diameter of 1 to 2 cm. The svilpa can be of three types. End-blown, in which both ends are open and the upper end is cut at an angle. A duct flute or a transverse flute, with one end stopped and a mouth of made of 2 cm to 3 cm along the tube. Higher overtones of a natural scale can be produced on the svilpa by varying the pressure of breath and fully or partly closing the distal end of the tube with the index finger. The lower tones of the svilpa are weak, the higher tones increase with intensity.
Citations: Bibliography: Arvidas Karaśka, Stanley Sadie ~ New Grove Dictionary Of Musical Instruments, Vol, 3 Book P to Z, Pages 470, 480 ; ISBN 0-333-37878-4 British Library of Cataloguing ; 0-9433818-05-2 Library Of Congress Cataloguing ;