Type: Vessel Flute, Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.13
Pa Yin: Clay 土 Tǔ.
Specimen: 1 in collection.
Region: Far East Asia.
Acquisition Source: Randy Raine-Reusch @ China.
Description: The Xun (simplified Chinese: 埙; traditional Chinese: 塤; pinyin: xūn; Cantonese= hyun1) is a vessel flute of the Han Chinese, the main ethnic group of China. It is one of the oldest instruments of china having approximately 7000 years of history.
Most xun are usually egg shaped, with a flattened bottom. In the Pa Yin classification system this instrument would be classified as a clay 土 as the pain classifies the instruments based on the materials the musical instruments are made of.
Construction: The xun is an egg-shaped aerophone, containing at least three finger holes in front and two thumb holes in back often a total of five or seven finger holes. It has a blowing hole on top and can have up to ten smaller finger holes, one for each finger.
Although similar to an ocarina there is a clear fundamental difference. The xun lacks a fipple mouth piece, unlike other Chinese flute-like instruments such as the Wudu and Taodi. The xun can come in a variety of sizes.