Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Vessel.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.221.42
Region: Baltic > Northern Europe.
Description: The molinukai are Lithuanian ocarinas. Melodies are improvised. At times, sutartinės were played with these whistles. The molinukai were toys used by herders and children. The sound of a molinukas is soft, and the timbre is delicate. Musical possibilities are determined by the number of finger holes.
Construction: They are made in a shape of a tube or toy figure. The tube shaped whistles are made of clay and mixed with sand. The clay is needed and rolled around a small stick. Then the stick is removed and one end the tube is squeezed shut. While the other end of the tube if flattened and the blowing hole is made with a thin splinter.