Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Transverse.
Chordophones No#: 421.121.12
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The junggeum [in Hangul 중금 ; in Hanja 中琴 or 中笒] also spelled chunggum or chunggŭm. is a medium-sized bamboo transverse flute formerly used in traditional Korean music. Unlike the larger daegeum, it does not have a buzzing membrane (although it did have one in ancient times). It was used in court, aristocratic, and folk music, but has largely died out, being rarely used today.
Other flutes in the same family include the daegeum and sogeum; the three together are known as samjuk [in Hangul: 삼죽; in Hanja: 三竹; literally “three bamboo”], as the three primary flutes of the Silla period. Both of these are still used in traditional music, as well as in contemporary classical music, popular music, and film scores.